Mary M. Blankenship1,2

#3271, (16 November 1876 - 11 February 1943)
Last EditedJun 5, 2003
Father*James Calvin Blankenship2 b. 23 Feb 1858, d. 14 Mar 1903
Mother*Rebecca Jane Denton2 b. 11 May 1860, d. a 1920
Birth*16 November 1876 Izard County, Arkansas, USA3,2 
Death*11 February 1943 Izard County, Arkansas, USA3 

Citations

  1. [S26] Compiled Records from Genealogy Mail List or Website, Submitted by Leona J. Headley
    http://www.cotagesoft.com/~lheadley/FAMILY/LANGSTON.htm. Hereinafter cited as Genealogy Website.
  2. [S10] U.S. Census 1880, www.ancestry.com, Arkansas, Izard County, Union Township, HH #133. Image #17 at www.ancestry.com. Hereinafter cited as U.S. Census 1880.
  3. [S26] Genealogy Website, Izard County, AR Mailing List. Posted e-mail address, 7 May 2003.

Nancy Emma Blankenship1

#4086, (29 March 1892 - January 1974)
Last EditedJun 5, 2003
Father*James Calvin Blankenship1 b. 23 Feb 1858, d. 14 Mar 1903
Mother*Rebecca Jane Denton1 b. 11 May 1860, d. a 1920
Birth*29 March 1892 Melbourne, Izard County, Arkansas, USA1 
Death*January 1974 Tulsa, Tulsa County, Arkansas, USA1 

Citations

  1. [S26] Compiled Records from Genealogy Mail List or Website, Izard County, AR Mailing List. Posted e-mail address, 7 May 2003.. Hereinafter cited as Genealogy Website.

Robert James Jefferson Blankenship1

#3277, (9 June 1882 - 4 July 1950)
Last EditedJun 5, 2003
Father*James Calvin Blankenship2 b. 23 Feb 1858, d. 14 Mar 1903
Mother*Rebecca Jane Denton2 b. 11 May 1860, d. a 1920
Birth*9 June 1882 Izard County, Arkansas, USA2 
Death*4 July 1950 Sharp County, Arkansas, USA1 

Citations

  1. [S26] Compiled Records from Genealogy Mail List or Website, Izard County, AR Mailing List. Posted e-mail address, 7 May 2003.. Hereinafter cited as Genealogy Website.
  2. [S26] Genealogy Website, Submitted by Leona J. Headley
    http://www.cotagesoft.com/~lheadley/FAMILY/LANGSTON.htm

Virginia Alberta Blankenship1

#3281, (1 December 1889 - 1 February 1940)
Last EditedJun 5, 2003
Father*James Calvin Blankenship1 b. 23 Feb 1858, d. 14 Mar 1903
Mother*Rebecca Jane Denton1 b. 11 May 1860, d. a 1920
Birth*1 December 1889 Calico Rock, Izard County, Arkansas, USA1 
Death*1 February 1940 Jonesboro, Arkansas, USA2 

Citations

  1. [S26] Compiled Records from Genealogy Mail List or Website, Submitted by Leona J. Headley
    http://www.cotagesoft.com/~lheadley/FAMILY/LANGSTON.htm. Hereinafter cited as Genealogy Website.
  2. [S26] Genealogy Website, Izard County, AR Mailing List. Posted e-mail address, 7 May 2003.

William Henry Blankenship1

#3282, (March 1894 - )
Last EditedJun 5, 2003
Father*James Calvin Blankenship1 b. 23 Feb 1858, d. 14 Mar 1903
Mother*Rebecca Jane Denton1 b. 11 May 1860, d. a 1920
Birth*March 1894 Calico Rock, Izard County, Arkansas, USA1 
Death* Mt. Pisque, Sharp County, Arkansas, USA2 

Citations

  1. [S26] Compiled Records from Genealogy Mail List or Website, Submitted by Leona J. Headley
    http://www.cotagesoft.com/~lheadley/FAMILY/LANGSTON.htm. Hereinafter cited as Genealogy Website.
  2. [S26] Genealogy Website, Izard County, AR Mailing List. Posted e-mail address, 7 May 2003.

Zora Bell Blankenship1

#3280, (22 December 1885 - )
Last EditedJun 5, 2003
Father*James Calvin Blankenship2 b. 23 Feb 1858, d. 14 Mar 1903
Mother*Rebecca Jane Denton2 b. 11 May 1860, d. a 1920
Birth*22 December 1885 Calico Rock, Izard County, Arkansas, USA1 

Citations

  1. [S26] Compiled Records from Genealogy Mail List or Website, Izard County, AR Mailing List. Posted e-mail address, 7 May 2003.. Hereinafter cited as Genealogy Website.
  2. [S26] Genealogy Website, Submitted by Leona J. Headley
    http://www.cotagesoft.com/~lheadley/FAMILY/LANGSTON.htm

Michael Blaylock1

#3592
Last EditedMar 10, 2003
ChartsDescendants of John and Elizabeth Carder
Marriage* Principal=Mary J. Carder1 

Citations

  1. [S25] Ancestry.com, Jeff Hendricks at http://awt.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jhendri771&id=I003. Hereinafter cited as Ancestry.com.

Harvey Louis Bock1

#3061
Last EditedNov 24, 2002
ChartsDescendants of Jeremiah Franks and Morning Fisher
Descendants of Nicholas Fisher and Elizabeth Kearse
Descendants of Samuel and Elizabeth Gann
Marriage* Principal=Maggie Mae Hager1 

Citations

  1. [S26] Compiled Records from Genealogy Mail List or Website, http://members.tripod.com/~dickdfox/index-dickdfox.html
    Dick D. Fox's homepage.. Hereinafter cited as Genealogy Website.

(?) Bohannan1

#3205
Last EditedJan 6, 2003
Marriage* Principal=Mary K. Gann1 

Citations

  1. [S44] Email Message, from Mary K. Gann Bohannan to Pat Balkcom, 06 Jan 2002.

Ann Bohannan1

#5369, (circa 1710 - circa 1777)
Last EditedJun 24, 2015
Relationship6th great-grandmother of Zela Naomi Franks
ChartsJ Balkcom Tree (Maternal) - Ancestors of Zela (Franks) Balkcom
Birth*circa 1710 Virginia, USA1 
Marriage*circa 1729 Gloucester County, Virginia, USA; Principal=Joseph Neville Sr.1 
Married Namecirca 1729 Neville1 
Death*circa 1777 Hampshire County, Virginia, USA1 

Family

Joseph Neville Sr. b. c 1707, d. a 1792
Child

Oliver E. Bomar1

#2747
Last EditedMay 26, 2002
Marriage*8 March 1893 Bedford County, Tennessee, USA; Principal=Lizzie May McAdams1 

Citations

  1. [S26] Compiled Records from Genealogy Mail List or Website, Posting on Genforum, Bedford Co, Tn forum, message #465: Original source from Bedford County Courthouse records, microfillm #0476043-0476047. Posted by Nathalie Killian.. Hereinafter cited as Genealogy Website.

Jerome Bonaparte1

#4489
Last EditedJan 28, 2004

Citations

  1. [S144] Pioneer Settlers, The Lancaster Morning News, Lancaster, PA, 13 feb 1897, 2, Article prepared by Samuel Evans, Esq.. Hereinafter cited as Lancaster News.

Charles Bonner1

#4656, (1744 - 1833)
Last EditedMay 1, 2004
Birth*1744 Pennsylvania, USA1 
Military*circa 1776 Pennsylvania, USA; as a Captain1 
Death*1833 Pennsylvania, USA1 

Citations

  1. [S112] Clan Galbraith Association, The Red Tower Journal: "Galbraith Patriots" by Laurel Anderson, Vol. XXV, No. 3, Spring, 2004, p. 99. Original source DAR Patriot Index.. Hereinafter cited as "The Red Tower Journal."

Steve Bookout1

#2802
Last EditedJun 14, 2002

Citations

  1. [S44] Email Message, From Linda Boothe (granddaughter of Nath Franks) [e-mail address] to Pat Balkcom, 27 May 2002.

Beatrice Deliah Booth1

#2824, (5 October 1902 - August 1960)
Last EditedMar 4, 2007
ChartsDescendants of Jeremiah Franks and Morning Fisher
Descendants of Nicholas Fisher and Elizabeth Kearse
Descendants of Samuel and Elizabeth Gann
Descendants of Charles and Mary Woolverton
Father*John Booth2
Mother*Netties B. Lilley2
Birth*5 October 1902 1 
Married Name1922 Franks1 
Marriage*1922 Principal=Oliver Homer Franks1 
Death*August 1960 Witness=Oliver Homer Franks1 

Family

Oliver Homer Franks b. 30 Nov 1901, d. Mar 1972
Children

Citations

  1. [S26] Compiled Records from Genealogy Mail List or Website, from Ancestry.com. Source is Tara Alaimo <e-mail address> , submitted Nov. 2001.
    . Hereinafter cited as Genealogy Website.
  2. [S44] Email Message, sue hicks [e-mail address] 18 Sept. 2002.

John Booth1

#2828
Last EditedSep 22, 2002
Marriage* Principal=Netties B. Lilley1 

Family

Netties B. Lilley
Child

Citations

  1. [S44] Email Message, sue hicks [e-mail address] 18 Sept. 2002.

Richard Bowers1

#3833
Last EditedApr 20, 2003
Marriage*1 August 1791 Greene County, Tennessee, USA; Security for the bond was by William Galbreath.; Principal=Rebecca Galbreath, Witness=William Galbreath1 

Citations

  1. [S102] Silas Lucas, compiler, 35,000 Tennessee Marriage Records and Bonds 1783-1870 (Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1981), Vol. 2, p.2. Hereinafter cited as Tennessee Marriage Records and Bonds.

Abba T. Bowles1

#3632, (18 October 1858 - )
Last EditedMar 12, 2005
Relationship2nd cousin 1 time removed of Zela Naomi Franks
ChartsDescendants of John and Elizabeth Carder
Father*Elijah Bowles1 b. 1831
Mother*Eveline Carder1 b. 1837
Birth*18 October 1858 Monroe County, Kentucky, USA1 

Citations

  1. [S25] Ancestry.com, Jeff Hendricks at http://awt.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jhendri771&id=I003. Hereinafter cited as Ancestry.com.

Claborn Bowles1

#3631, (22 May 1854 - )
Last EditedMar 12, 2005
Relationship2nd cousin 1 time removed of Zela Naomi Franks
ChartsDescendants of John and Elizabeth Carder
Father*Elijah Bowles1 b. 1831
Mother*Eveline Carder1 b. 1837
Birth*22 May 1854 Monroe County, Kentucky, USA1 

Citations

  1. [S25] Ancestry.com, Jeff Hendricks at http://awt.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jhendri771&id=I003. Hereinafter cited as Ancestry.com.

Elijah Bowles1

#3629, (1831 - )
Last EditedMar 12, 2005
ChartsDescendants of John and Elizabeth Carder
Birth*1831 Monroe County, Kentucky, USA; Marriage record states he was 22 and born in Monroe County.2 
Marriage*19 May 1853 Monroe County, Kentucky, USA; Principal=Eveline Carder2 

Family

Eveline Carder b. 1837
Children

Citations

  1. [S25] Ancestry.com, Jeff Hendricks at http://awt.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jhendri771&id=I003. Hereinafter cited as Ancestry.com.
  2. [S26] Compiled Records from Genealogy Mail List or Website, Monroe County, KY Marriages 1853 at http://www.so-ky.com/marr/monroe/mon-marr-1853-h.htm. Hereinafter cited as Genealogy Website.

Isabelle Bowles1

#3635
Last EditedMar 12, 2005
ChartsDescendants of John and Elizabeth Carder
Married Name14 July 1881 Carder1 
Marriage*14 July 1881 Monroe County, Kentucky, USA; Principal=Jesse T. Carder1 

Citations

  1. [S25] Ancestry.com, Barbara Kersey at http://awt.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:1605459&id=I0207 Her source Monroe County, KY Marriages Records 1874+.. Hereinafter cited as Ancestry.com.

Martha Malvina Bowles1,2

#3559, (6 March 1861 - 8 January 1952)
Last EditedMar 16, 2005
ChartsDescendants of John and Elizabeth Carder
Birth*6 March 1861 Kentucky, USA2 
Married Name12 January 1882 Carder3 
Marriage*12 January 1882 Monroe County, Kentucky, USA; Principal=Zachariah Francis Carder3 
Death*8 January 1952 Denver, Denver County, Colorado, USA2 

Family

Zachariah Francis Carder b. 30 Jan 1858, d. 9 Aug 1938
Children

Citations

  1. [S25] Ancestry.com, Monroe County, KY marriages. Hereinafter cited as Ancestry.com.
  2. [S44] Email Message, from Roger Scott (e-mail address) to Pat Balkcom, 14 March 2005. Roger is the great grandson of Zachariah Carder.
  3. [S25] Ancestry.com, Doug Moore at http://awt.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dougmoore&id=I05969

Mary J. Bowles1

#3553, (15 October 1822 - 7 April 1888)
Last EditedMar 12, 2005
ChartsDescendants of John and Elizabeth Carder
Birth*15 October 1822 Kentucky, USA; Parents born VA.2,3 
Married Namecirca 1846 Carder1 
Marriage*circa 1846 Principal=Jesse Carder2 
Census6 September 1850 Monroe County, Kentucky, USA; "Jesse Carder", white, male, Head of Household #799, age 23, farmer, born TN, living close to his father.
Living with him:
Mary, age 26, female, born KY.
Martha, age 2, female, born KY.
Jane, age 1, female, born KY.; Principal=Jesse Carder, Principal=Ky Monroe Co. Census 18504 
Census7 July 1860 Tompkinsville, Monroe County, Kentucky, USA; "Jesse Carder", white, male, Head of Household #875, age 32, farmer,real estate worth $600, personal estate $600, born KY, living close to his father and other Carders, cannot read or write.
Living with him:
M. J., age 35, female, born Ky, cannot read or write.
M.A., age 11, female, born KY, attended school.
Suffrona, age 10, female, born KY, attended school.
Melvina, age 9, female, born KY.
Thomas, age 7, male, born KY.
W.S., age 6, male, born KY.
Z.F., age 2, male, born KY.; Principal=Jesse Carder, Principal=Ky Monroe Co. Census 18605 
Census27 August 1870 Precinct 7, Monroe County, Kentucky, USA; "Jesse Carder", white, male, Head of Household #24, age 43, farmer, real estate worth $312, personal estate $500, born TN, cannot read or write. Living one farm away from his father and brother, Samuel.
Living with him:
Mary J., age 47, keeping house, born Ky, cannot read or write.
Martha A., age 21, born Ky, cannot read or write.
Clifton T., age 17, born Ky, cannot read or write.
William S., age 15, born Ky, cannot read or write.
Clifton T., age 17, born Ky, cannot read or write.
Mary B., age 6, born Ky, cannot read or write.; Principal=Jesse Carder, Principal=Ky Monroe Co. Census 18706 
Census10 June 1880 Union, Monroe County, Kentucky, USA; "Jesse Carder", white, male, Head of Household #51, age 53, farmer, born TN, parents born TN, living close to his father.
Living with him:
Mary J., age 56, wife, keeping house, born Ky, parents born VA.
Mary B., age 17, daughter, born KY.; Principal=Jesse Carder, Principal=Ky Monroe Co. Census 18803 
Death*7 April 1888 2 
Burial*April 1888 Cedar Hill Church Cem, Cedar Hill section, Monroe County, Kentucky, USA2 

Family

Jesse Carder b. 7 Jan 1827, d. 4 Dec 1907
Marriage*circa 1846 Principal=Jesse Carder2 
Children

Citations

  1. [S25] Ancestry.com, Jeff Hendricks at http://awt.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jhendri771&id=I003. Hereinafter cited as Ancestry.com.
  2. [S25] Ancestry.com, Doug Moore at http://awt.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dougmoore&id=I05969
  3. [S10] U.S. Census 1880, www.ancestry.com, Kentucky, Monroe County, Union District, p. 6.. Hereinafter cited as U.S. Census 1880.
  4. [S12] U.S. Census 1850, www.ancestry.com, Kentucky, Monroe County, p. 849.. Hereinafter cited as U.S. Census 1850.
  5. [S11] U.S. Census 1860, www.ancestry.com, Kentucky, Monroe County, Tompkinsville, p. 126.. Hereinafter cited as U.S. Census 1860.
  6. [S9] U.S. Census 1870, www.ancestry.com, Kentucky, Monroe County, Precint 7, p. 4.. Hereinafter cited as U.S. Census 1870.

Richard Bowles1

#4644
Last EditedMar 17, 2004
Marriage*1791 Greene County, Tennessee, USA; Principal=Rebecca Galbreath1 

Citations

  1. [S140] William Gilbreath, Early Galbreaths of Adams (York) County Pennsylvania (January 2004): p. 14.. Hereinafter cited as "Early Galbreaths of Adams Co PA."

Varnette Boyd1,2

#1289, (1828 - )
Last EditedMar 17, 2001
ChartsDescendants of Nicholas Fisher and Elizabeth Kearse
Birth*1828 DeKalb County, Tennessee, USA1,2 
Married Name Fisher1 
Marriage*10 June 1863 DeKalb County, Tennessee, USA; Principal=Littleberry Fisher1,2 

Citations

  1. [S48] Researcher Dick D. Fox, http://lockhart1957.tripod.com/index-GEN.html
  2. [S49] Researchers Robert and Winona Turner, http://www.gbnf.com/genealogy/fisher/html. Hereinafter cited as Turner Website.

Nancy Ann Bradley1

#3309, (23 April 1865 - 24 January 1953)
Last EditedFeb 28, 2003
Birth*23 April 1865 1 
Married Name Thomas2 
Marriage* Principal=(?) Thomas2 
Married Name12 May 1904 Franks1 
Marriage*12 May 1904 Principal=John Franks1 
Death*24 January 1953 Itawamba County, Mississippi, USA1 

Family

John Franks b. 1851, d. 1926
Child

Citations

  1. [S25] Ancestry.com, Posted by Chad D. Baus at
    http://awt.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=frankshaus&id=I886.. Hereinafter cited as Ancestry.com.
  2. [S25] Ancestry.com, Bob Franks Family Web site at http://user.intop.net/~robfra/franks/pafg01.htm

Jane Bragg

#1920, (circa 1814 - )
Last EditedJan 15, 2017
Relationship2nd great-grandmother of Zela Naomi Franks
ChartsJ Balkcom Tree (Maternal) - Ancestors of Zela (Franks) Balkcom
Birth*circa 1814 Alabama, USA 
Married Name Golden 
Marriage6 January 1839 Madison County, Alabama, USA; Principal=Steven H. Golden1 
Census*22 October 1850 Izard County, Arkansas, USA; "Steven H. Golden" head, age 32 born Alabama;
"Jane Golden" age 36 born Alabama;
"Mary C. Golden" age 10 born Alabama;
"Shadrack Golden" age 8 born Alabama;
"Eveline Golden" age 6 born Alabama;
"Elizabeth Golden" age 4 born Arkansas;
"Tersey Golden" female age 9 months born Alabama:
"Thomas Bragg" age 32 born Alabama;
"Steven H. Golden" age 21 born Alabama.; Head of Household=Steven H. Golden, Resident=Mary C. Golden, Resident=Shadrack Golden, Resident=Elizabeth Golden, Resident=Tersey Golden, Resident=Eveline J. Golden2 
Census12 July 1860 Izard County, Arkansas, USA; "Stephen H. Golden" head age 41 farmer, $3000 real estate, $2250 personal, born Alabama;
"Jane Golden" age 46 born Alabama;
"Shadrick Golden" age 18 occupation "Serving", born Missouri;
"Eveline Golden" age 15 born Alabama;
"Terzy Golden" age 11 born Arkansas;
"Charity Golden" age 7 born Arkansas;
"Susan Bragg" age 33 born Alabama;
"Nancy Golden" age 4 born Arkansas;
"Mary Golden" age 3 months born Arkansas.

Mary was daughter of 15 year old Eveline according to the Wolverton book. Eveline has married Robert H. Wolverton in 1859 according to this reference, although the census shows her and daughter Mary with the name Golden.; Head of Household=Steven H. Golden, Resident=Shadrack Golden, Resident=Tersey Golden, Resident=Charity Golden, Resident=Nancy Golden, Resident=Mary Jane Golden, Resident=Eveline J. Golden3,4 
(Witness) Deathbefore 1870 (not found in 1870 census); Principal=Steven H. Golden 
Census*18 July 1870 Izard County, Arkansas, USA; "Jane Golden" head age 60, farmer, real estate $570, personal $600, born Alabama;
"Tempa Moody" female age 16, born Arkansas (granddaughter?)5 

Family

Steven H. Golden b. c 1818, d. b 1870
Marriage6 January 1839 Madison County, Alabama, USA; Principal=Steven H. Golden1 
Children

Citations

  1. [S16] Www.ancestry.com, Dodd, Jordan R., comp. Alabama Marriages, 1809-1920 (Selected Counties) [database on-line]. Hereinafter cited as Ancestry.com.
  2. [S12] U.S. Census 1850, www.ancestry.com, Franklin, Izard, Arkansas; Roll: M432_27; Page: 31A; Image: 68. Hereinafter cited as U.S. Census 1850.
  3. [S11] U.S. Census 1860, www.ancestry.com, Mill Creek, Izard, Arkansas; Roll: M653_43; Page: 397; Image: 401; Family History Library Film: 803043. Hereinafter cited as U.S. Census 1860.
  4. [S197] Royal Allen Wolverton, Descendants of Andrew Woolverton (Sun Lakes, Arizona: R. A. Wolverton, 1986). Hereinafter cited as Descendants of Andrew Woolverton.
  5. [S9] U.S. Census 1870, www.ancestry.com, Mill Creek, Izard, Arkansas; Roll: M593_55; Page: 214A; Image: 429; Family History Library Film: 545554. Hereinafter cited as U.S. Census 1870.
  6. [S10] U.S. Census 1880, www.ancestry.com, Arkansas, Izard County, Newburg Township, page 3.. Hereinafter cited as U.S. Census 1880.

Mary Brannon1

#4432
Last EditedJan 11, 2004
Name Variation Galbraith 
Married Name16 August 1773 Galbreath1 
Marriage*16 August 1773 Pennsylvania, USA; Principal=Robert Galbreath Esq.1 

Citations

  1. [S138] John B Linn and William H Egle, compiler, Names of Persons for Whom Marriage Licenses Were Issued in the Province of Pennsylvania Previous to 1790 (Harrisburg, Pa: Pennsylvania Archives, 1890), Book listed on www.ancestry.com. Hereinafter cited as PA Marriages before 1790.

Permelia Caledonia Bray1

#3267, (1839 - 1917)
Last EditedFeb 15, 2003
Birth*1839 1 
Marriage*3 December 1856 DeSoto County, Mississippi, USA; Sister of G. W. Bray.; Principal=William Franklin Rader1,2 
Married Name4 December 1856 Rader1 
Death*1917 Wideman, Izard County, Arkansas, USA1 
Burial*1917 Wideman Cemetery, Wideman, Izard County, Arkansas, USA1 

Citations

  1. [S26] Compiled Records from Genealogy Mail List or Website, Submitted by Bernie Moore-Knowles of Phoenix, Arizona at
    Rootsweb - Izard Co., AR http://listsearches.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/ifetch2?/u1/textindices/A/ARIZARD+2003+7231363496+F. Hereinafter cited as Genealogy Website.
  2. [S44] Email Message, from Larry Rader (e-mail address) to Patricia Balkcom, 22 March 2005. Larry is great grandson of Jeremiah Daniel Rader.

Serenia V. Brenbrook1

#243, (circa 1860 - )
Last EditedDec 13, 2001
Birth*circa 1860 1 
Married Namecirca 1880 Franks1 
Marriage*circa 1880 Izard County, Arkansas, USA; Principal=A. J. Franks1 

Citations

  1. [S20] Goodspeed Publishing Company, Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Northeast Arkansas (n.p.: Southern Historical Press, 1889), P. 928. Transcription on the Internet at http://cgi.rootsweb.com/~genbbs/genbbs.cgi/USA/Ar/IzardBios?read=53. Hereinafter cited as Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Northeast Arkansas.